It’s time to celebrate one of Italy’s national symbols, Festa Della Repubblica! On June 2nd and 3rd Italians rushed to the polls to decide how their country would move forward after World War II. A Republic or Monarchy? The votes came in and on June 10th Italy officially declared a Republic!
The first celebration of the Italian Republic Day took place on 2 June 1947. In addition, 1948 was the first military parade in Rome. As a result, the 2nd of June was definitively declared a national holiday in 1949.
Curious about the stats from the polls in 1946?
I was too. Turns out there were 12,717,923 votes for the republic and 10,719,284 for the monarchy. The percentages came in at 54.3% Republic to 45.7% Monarchy. Here’s how the votes looked on the map:
By Erinthecute – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=84595954
Most of the land in the Southern Penisula was owned by wealthy families, but after the monarchy turned republic they were forced to turn over their lands.
This is why the majority of the votes for the monarchy came from this region of Italy. However, Italy had one last king before the fall, Umberto Nicola Tommaso Giovanni Maria di Savoia. Umberto was the only son among the five children of King Victor Emmanuel III and Queen Elena. But his reign only lasted thirty-four days. After that, he fled the country before the establishment and lived the rest of his life in exile in Portugal. For after 85 years The Kingdom of Italy the birth of the Italian Republic was born.
As an American living in Italy, I deeply appreciate this country after researching this historical event.
The official ceremony of the celebration takes place in Rome. With the solemn raising of the flag at the Altare Della Patria and the homage to the Unknown Soldier with the deposition of a laurel wreath by the President of the Republic. Afterward, the performance of the Hymn by Mameli, the Frecce Tricolori cross the skies of Rome for a sight worth seeing.